There are houses constructed with a basic structure of one or more containers and are adapted to cover all living needs. They are also known as Box Houses.
The stages of the construction of a container house are:
Selection of the size, type and number of containers to be composed
Number and type of doors and windows per wall
Installation of insulation, roofing, flooring, electrical wiring, lighting and plumbing
Selection of the outside face
Construction of the foundation slab
Shipping and installation by crane to the desired spot
Optional: additional roof
Due to their construction the containers can be combined together. To construct a container house we do not necessarily use only one container. The ways of use for a container are:
side by side
a combination of all the above
Also, there are many types of containers. They can be different in width, length and height. Usually their dimensions are in feet (ft) according to the US metric system. The most common types of ISO container are:
20ft – length: 20ft (5,919m), height: 8ft (2,380m)
40ft – length: 40ft (12,051m), height: 8,6ft (2,380m)
Moreover, for the 40ft there is a taller version, known as High Cube (HQ) with 40ft length (12,056m) and height 9,6ft (2,684m).
In the taller version (HQ) can find longer containers of 45ft, 48ft and 53ft.
Every new construction should be accompanied by similar studies (static, mechanical, etc.) in order to ensure the stability and safety of the final construction. Although the container as a unit is fully autonomous and resistant to particularly difficult conditions, it can be transported by various means of transport and has high load tolerance, we should give extra attention when it is modified into a residence. Exposures caused to put the windows and doors weaken the construction and thus additional work must be done to equal the loss of stability due to the removal or the union of two or more containers.
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